The subject of the study is the parental perception of the possibility to establish peer relations by children with autism spectrum disorders, which are influenced by two main factors: psychosocial conditions of child functioning, and the level of parents' adaptation to child's disability. The author's research concerns parents of children with autism spectrum disorders. The latter attend integrative facility of early school education in a primary school. As a result, it was found that constructive adaptation to the role of a parent to a child with ASD is a component of professional support aimed at better parental understanding of the importance of peer relationships in the development of their children's social competences, including communication competencies, and taking action to facilitate the establishment of friendly contacts in accordance with the individual preferences of children, and in a manner appropriate for them. The above conclusions should also be considered a priority in the education and treatment of children with ASD, as it forms the basis of their functioning in the social environment and in the process of becoming independent. Key words: autism spectrum disorders, parenthood, social competences, peer relations.
PhD candidate of Doctoral Studies in Pedagogy at the Faculty of Historical and Pedagogical Sciences, University of Wrocław. Specialist in special education needs. The subject of research is children with Autism Spectrum Disorder, their patterns of establishing peer relations and the families of these children.