Locus of control in students in integration and non-integration classes in early adolescence – longitudinal analysis

Locus of control is an important personality trait which develops during adolescence. Children while growing up develop abilities and gain experience in distinguishing events which are the logical result of their behaviors from these events, which do not directly spring from their behaviors. Therefore, transition from external locus of control, typical for childhood, to internal locus of control, which increases in the period of adolescence is observed. In adulthood, locus of control integrates itself as a general viewpoint and the way of individual interpretation of life events. Developmental changes in locus of control are influenced with family factors, school environment and a persons’own activity (Krasowicz-Kupis, Kurzyp-Wojniarska, 1990; Kulas, 1998). In this presentation the results of longitudinal analyses of locus of control development in the situations of successes and failures among adolescents will be discussed. Participants were elementary education students of integration and non-integration classes during their three-year school education (in 6,7, and 8 classes, respectively). Research was carried out in years 2016-2019. 90 students of elementary schools in Lublin participated in this study including 30 from integration classes and 60 from non-integration classes. Children attended to schools with and without integration wards. Kwestionariusz do Badania Poczucia Kontroli (KBPK and KBPK-R) were used to measure locus of control (1990; 2017). This method enable assessment of locus of control in situations of successes and failures. Additionally, it is possible to estimate locus of control in school, family and peer group situations.

dr Beata Łubianka

Assistant professor at the Department of Psychology, Jan Kochanowski University in Kielce. Area of research: psychology of education.