The learning process is a complex and heterogeneous process. For there is no central unit in the brain responsible for the whole process. "Learning is a process based on experience that leads to a relatively permanent change in behavior or potential of behavior" (Zimbardo, Gerrig, 2012, p. 226). Pedagogues and psychologists have long been interested in the process of learning people, hence the existence of many theories explaining this phenomenon, such as classic or instrumental conditioning Behaviorists are convinced that many behaviors can be explained in terms of learning processes, but not all forms of learning can be explained by the two conditions mentioned above. Cognitive development plays an important role in the whole of human development. It is part of it. During integration education, children with various types of disorders develop cognitive functions, such as memory, attention or thinking, which are the result of their learning process. During the speech, I will try to present the most important information on the development of cognitive processes of children with disorders and their significance for the learning process.
PhD student at the Faculty of Pedagogical Sciences at the Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń. She has been working with children with emotional and behavioral disorders for 3 years. Scientific interests oscillate around special education, cognitive psychology, clinical psychology, neuropsychology and neuropedagogy.